Python - Inheritance


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In this tutorial we will learn about inheritance in Python.

What is inheritance?

Inheritance is one of the core concepts of OOP - Object Oriented Programming. It helps us to create hierarchy.

Inheritance is a concept were a child class inherits the properties and methods from the parent class.

Super class and Sub class

The class that is used to create other classes is called the parent class or super class.

The class that inherits the attributes and methods of the parent class is called the sub class or child class.

Inheritance in Python

Following is the syntax of inheritance in Python.

# parent class
class ParentClass:
  # some attributes of the parent class

  # some methods of the parent class

class ChildClass(ParentClass):
  # some attributes of the child class

  # some methods of the child class

Note! The attributes and methods of the ParentClass is inherited by the ChildClass.

Inheritance Example

In the following Python program we have a parent class Employee and a child class Manager.

# parent class
class Employee:

    def __init__(self, id, name):
        print("Hello from Employee.__init__()") = id = name

    def employeeDetail(self):
        print("ID: %s"
        print("Name: %s"

# child class
class Manager(Employee):

    def __init__(self, id, name, project):
        super().__init__(id, name)
        print("Hello from Manager.__init__()")
        self.project = project

    def projectDetail(self):
        print("Project: %s" %self.project)

# object of Manager class
obj = Manager(1, 'Jane Doe', 'Android App')

# output
print("-----Manager Detail-----")

print("-----Project Detail-----")

The above code will print the following output.

Hello from Employee.__init__()
Hello from Manager.__init__()
-----Manager Detail-----
ID: 1
Name: Jane Doe
-----Project Detail-----
Project: Android App


We have the parent class Employee and the child class Manager which inherits attributes and methods of the parent class.

Employee class

In this class we have the __init__ method that takes two arguments id and name of the employee which we are saving using the self keyword.

Then we have the employeeDetail method that prints the detail of the employee.

Manager class

This class also includes the __init__ method and it takes three arguments id, name and project of the employee.

Using the super method in the child class we call the __init__ method of the parent class.

Inside the __init__ method of the Manager class we are calling the __init__ method of the Employee class and passing the id and name value.

We are assigning the value of project to the instance attribute project using the self keyword.

Then, there is the projectDetail method that prints out the project name.

Creating object

We create an object of the Manager class which inherits all the properties and methods of the Employee class.

While instantiating an object of the Manager class we are passing the id, name and project name of the employee.

Finally, we are calling the employeeDetail and projectDetail methods which prints the values set for the employee.