Searching Algorithm

In this tutorial we will learn about Linear Search algorithm.

For better search algorithm check out Binary Search tutorial.

In this searching technique we compare the elements of the array one-by-one with the key element we are looking for.

It is a very simple searching algorithm but it takes a lot of time.

- Linear search is also known as sequential search.
- If there are n elements in the array then, in the best case key is found in 1 comparison. While in the worst case it takes n comparison.
- Best case occurs when the key is at first position of the array.
- In the worst case the key element is either at the last position or not present in the array.

```
/**
* a[0:n-1] is an array of n elements. key is the element being searched.
*/
LinearSearch(a,n,key)
Begin
for i = 0 to n-1 by 1 do
if a[i] == key then
return i; //returning index of the array
endif
endfor
return -1; //key not found
End
```

In the best case scenario we will get the element we are searching for in 1 comparison.

That is, the first element is the answer. So, order will be O(1).

In the worst case scenario the element we are looking for is either at the last position or not present.

So, we have to make `n`

comparisons to come to a conclusion. So, order is O(n).

```
#include <stdio.h>
//function declaration
int linearSearch(int *a, int n, int key);
int main(){
//variable declaration
int arr[5], i, key;
//input
printf("Enter the array elements: ");
for(i = 0; i < 5; i++)
scanf("%d", &arr[i]);
printf("Enter key: ");
scanf("%d", &key);
//search
i = linearSearch(arr, 5, key);
//output
if(i == -1)
printf("Key not found.\n");
else
printf("Key at index: %d\n", i);
return 0;
}
//function definition
int linearSearch(int *a, int n, int key){
int i;
for(i = 0; i <= n-1; i++){
if(a[i] == key)
return i;
}
return -1;
}
```

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